COLIJN, Hendrikus

(1869–1944)
   Orthodox Protestant politi cian. After having distinguished himself as a soldier, Colijn was ap pointed in 1905 as an assistant to the governor-general of the Netherlands East Indies (Indonesia), Johannes van Heutsz. In the civil service, Colijn became an expert in colonial policy, and when he returned home he got involved in domestic politics. In 1910, he was appointed minister of defense. In 1914, Colijn accepted the post of director of the Batavian Petroleum Company, and in 1920, he be came a member of the board of directors of the Royal Dutch Shell Group. Two years later, Colijn returned to domestic politics as a member of Parliament and leader of the Antirevolutionaire Partij (ARP)(founded by Abraham Kuyper). He also accepted the post of editor of the daily newspaper De Standaard. In 1923, he was ap pointed minister of financial affairs. After serving on several boards (e.g., the council on the impoldering of the Zuiderzee), Colijn became prime minister in 1933 at a critical phase in politics during the Depression. In spite of cutbacks in ex penses, it proved impossible to balance the budget. In the end, Colijn’s last cabinet fell in June 1939 over a disagreement about the budget. Af ter the Germanoccupation of the Netherlands, Colijn criticized the de parture of Queen Wilhelmina and the government to London. Al though he initially seemed to accept the German supremacy in Europe (as in his pamphlet “Op de grens van twee werelden” [At the Crossing Point of Two Worlds] in summer 1940), Colijn later disapproved of the Nazi totalitarian policy. He was banished to a village in Thuringen, Germany.
   See also CHRISTEN UNIE (CU).

Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Colijn, Hendrikus — ▪ prime minister of The Netherlands born June 22, 1869, Haarlemmermeer, Neth. died Sept. 18, 1944, Ilmenau, Ger.  Dutch statesman who as prime minister (1933–39) gained widespread popular support through his conservative antidepression economic… …   Universalium

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  • Colijn — Hendrikus (Hendrik) Colijn Gedenkstein in Gabelbach Hendrikus (Hendrik) Colijn (* 22. Juni 1869 in Burgerveen, Gemeinde Haarlemmermeer; † …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hendrikus Colijn — Hendrikus (Hendrik) Colijn, 1925 Hendrikus (Hendrik) Colijn (* 22. Juni 1869 in Burgerveen, Gemeinde Haarlemmermeer; † 18. September 1944 im Berghotel Gabelbach bei Ilmenau) war ein niederländischer Militär, Geschäftsmann und Politiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Colijn —   [koː lɛjn], Hendrikus, niederländischer Politiker, * Haarlemmermeer 22. 6. 1869, ✝ Ilmenau 16. 9. 1944; schloss sich der Anti Revolutionaire Partij (ARP) an. Seit 1909 war er Abgeordneter, 1911 13 Kriegsminister; seit 1922 war er Vorsitzender… …   Universal-Lexikon

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  • Antonie Hendrikus Colijn — Anton Colijn Antonie Hendrikus Colijn, né le 13 avril 1894 à Ambarawa et mort le 11 mars 1945 à Muntok, était un alpiniste et explorateur néerlandais. Fils aîné de Hendrikus Colijn, il mena en 1936 une expédition avec Frits… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Anton Colijn — Antonie Hendrikus Colijn, né le 13 avril 1894 à Ambarawa et mort le 11 mars 1945 à Muntok, était un alpiniste et explorateur néerlandais. Fils aîné de Hendrikus Colijn, il mena en 1936 une expédition avec Frits Wissel et Jean… …   Wikipédia en Français

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